While June 1st marked the first day of Atlantic hurricane season, it was also the day when an annual monsoon hit the southwest coast of India, bringing relief to hundreds of millions of farmers who rely on the seasonal precipitation, and also, some hope for the struggling economy. The rains usually hit the southwest coast at the start of June and are crucial to India's food output and economic growth. One of the world's leading producers of rice, sugar, wheat and cotton depends on monsoon rains.
Monsoon rains lashed the state of Kerala and parts of Tamil Nadu and will sweep across India. Monsoon rains will impact India with torrential downpours over the coming months. The weather department has forecast India will receive normal rains this year.
Advance of southwest monsoon map (Credit: Indian Meteorology Department)
Last year India got below-normal rain in the first half of the wet season. Large areas of west and south India received to little rain. Central parts of the western state of Maharashtra, India's biggest sugar-producer, experienced the worst drought in over four decades, so this system will be crucial for this area.
Monsoon rains are about to soak around 60% of the country's farmland. More than 35 million farmers still rely on the erratic rains despite calls for the government to improve irrigation and water-harvesting methods to ensure more stable crop output.
Agriculture contributes about 15% to gross domestic product but the livelihood of hundreds of millions of Indians living in rural areas depends on the farming sector.
Forecast map for June 2013 (Credit: India Meteorology Department)
According to latest report by IMD, the southwest monsoon has further advanced into some more parts of central Arabian Sea, entire Goa, some parts of south Konkan, south Madhya Maharashtra, Telangana and south coastal Andhra Pradesh, remaining parts of south interior Karnataka and Rayalaseema, most parts of north interior Karnataka and some more parts of central Bay of Bengal.
Featured image credit: meetyuvaraj
Torrential rains swept the Cote d'Azur, southeast France on October 3, 2015, causing heavy flooding across the riviera. According to media reports, 16 people have been reported dead and at least 15 people went missing by the early afternoon of October 4. Strong rain
Typhoon "Mujigae", known as Kabayan in the Philippines, was rapidly intensifying before it hit southern China early Sunday, October 4, 2015. Mujigae was bringing powerful winds and heavy rain as it approached China, prompting officials to issue red alerts.
In the previous Space News episode, we discussed recent, astonishing images of the surface of the dwarf planet Pluto. Many other surprises have already been revealed in the data thus far released from NASA’s New Horizons mission.Today, physicist Eugene Bagashov di
No rest for the Hawaiian residents is in sight, as a new tropical storm formed in the central Pacific region on October 3, 2015. Tropical Storm "Oho" is currently over 500 km (310 miles) away from the Hawai'ian Islands, Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CP
A huge landslide, triggered by heavy downpours, collapsed onto Santa Catarina Pinula town, Guatemala on October 2, 2015. 30 people have been reported dead so far, and hundreds have gone missing. Rescue teams are actively sweeping the grounds in search of survivors.Heavy
A team of international scientists have found evidence that the sudden collapse of a volcano in the Cabo Verde Islands, off west Africa, generated a giant, 244 m (800 feet) tsunami that swallowed an island over 48 km (30 miles) away. The study was published in the Scien
Major Hurricane "Joaquin" has weakened slightly as its eye passed near San Salvador island, and is now a category 3 hurricane, National Hurricane Center (NHC) reported. Although newest modeling results suggest the system most likely won't make landfall
Heavy rainfall and winds affected the islands of Sardinia in Italy and Corsica, France as the intense low pressure system moved over the Mediterranean on October 1 and 2, 2015. Landslides and violent floods have been reported across the affected areas.An intense low pre
Several months after the arrival at Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (67P/C-G) in August 2014, the Rosetta spacecraft has finally managed to observe and characterize comet's southern polar regions. The only instrument that was able to study this dark region of the co
Despite Typhoon Dujuan's decrease to a remnant tropical low, it continues to heavily affect the Western Pacific, as of October 1, 2015. Heavy rainfall and strong winds have been reported across the north east area of Japan, causing traffic disruptions and power outa
A new study conducted by a team of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) shows the South Asian summer monsoon wind complex has changed considerably, due to the presence of manmade aerosols in atmosphere. A widespread burning of firewood, coal,
Almost 3 million people are in danger of facing hunger and severe shortage of food supply in Malawi in southeast Africa over the next couple of months, the Christian Aid reported on September 30, 2015, as the country faces its most severe food crisis in the last 10 year
Tropical Storm "Kabayan" has made landfall over Baler-San Luis, Aurora and is now crossing over central Luzon, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) reported on October 1, 21:00 UTC.Kabayan developed as a tropica
Newly discovered comet C/2013 US10 Catalina may reach naked eye visibility on October 1, 2015; it will continue to brighten and could reach magnitude 5 by November 6. Draconid meteor shower is scheduled to peak on October 8 with only about 10 meteors per hour. The secon
Joaquin now extremely dangerous category 4 hurricane: Bahamas ravaged, life-threatening floods expected across US East Coast
Tropical Storm "Joaquin" that was lurking close to Bahamas, as of September 29, 2015 has now evolved into a major category 4 hurricane, and is currently passing over the Bahamas. Deadly flash floods and extreme weather conditions are expected across the
New activity/unrest was observed at 4 volcanoes from September 23 - 29, 2015. During the same period, ongoing activity was observed at 15 volcanoes.New activity/unrest: Aira, Kyushu (Japan) | Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia | Piton de la Fournaise, Reunion Island (France)
After four days of increased solar activity, multiple Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) were finally observed as a part of an overarching set of coronal disruptions from the vicinity of Region 2420 and stretching southward towards Region 2422, and towards the western limb
A massive sinkhole opened up on a street in St Albans, North London, UK, in the middle of the night of October 1, 2015, media reports.The huge crater, which started as a small hole on the road only a couple of days ago, is now 20 meters (66 feet) wide and 10 meters (33
A series of new images of Ceres have been provided by NASA's Dawn spacecraft, showing the geological features of the dwarf planet in amazing, unprecedented details.A new colored topographic map shows numerous recently approved names for various geological features o
A process in which the warm Gulf Stream water and colder water of the continental shelf exchange has been studied in previously unknown details by examining data gathered by ocean robots installed off the coast of Massachusetts. Scientists from Woods Hole Oceanographic
Our planet is constantly bombarded by small asteroids that try to penetrate its protective atmosphere. The vast majority don't get through, but larger asteroids could pose a threat. Understanding better the surface and internal structure of asteroids is crucial in i
Scientists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the RAS Geosphere Dynamics Institue have discovered that a large asteroid can deliver more water to the lunar surface than the cumulative fall of comets over a billion year period. At the beginning
NASA's New Horizons mission to the dwarf planet Pluto continues to provide planetary scientists with new challenges and deepening mysteries. Likewise, the Rosetta mission to comet 67P has revealed startling cometary phenomena that conventional theory cannot begin to
ESA’s Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) Earth Explorer radio telescope and two other satellites are gathering data focused on answering the questions about how surface winds evolve under tropical storm clouds in the Pacific Ocean. New information could prove use
Kaniksu, the Grizzly Complex and the Little Joe wildfires continue to burn across several states across the West US. NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument, onboard Aqua satellite, captured the fires across across Washington, Idaho a
Typhoon "Dujuan" made its second landfall in eastern China, on September 29, 2015 after severely battering Taiwan the day before. Strong winds, heavy rainfall and landslides have ravaged affected areas, leaving behind two victims and 300 injured people so far.
Another tropical storm formed in the Atlantic basin, on September 29, 2015, National Hurricane Center (NHC) reports. Tropical Storm "Joaquin" is currently located more than 600 km (373 miles) from the northwestern Bahamas, and is not expected to make landfall
Tropical Storm "Marty" has been lurking off the coast of Mexico since September 27, 2015 and its track still carries an air of uncertainty. According to current forecasts it's not expected to make a landfall, prior to weakening to a remnant low, however on
Solar activity started increasing on September 27 with M1.9 flare from geoeffective Region 2422 and continued on September 28 with several impulsive flares from Region 2422 (M7.6) and 2423 (M3.6).During the early morning hours of September 29th (by 06:43 UTC) those two
Heavy rains that were sweeping Sri Lanka since September 25, 2015, caused landslides and floods across the affected areas. At least 7 people were reported dead and 286 displaced, as of September 26, according to the national authorities.A significant part of Sri Lanka h
An impulsive solar flare measuring M7.6 erupted at 14:58 UTC on September 28, 2015 from geoeffective Active Region 2422. The event started at 14:53, and ended at 15:03 UTC. There were no radio signatures that would suggest a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) was produced duri
The strongest evidence so far, provided by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) confirms that liquid water flows intermittently on Mars, NASA stated in their public announcement on September 28, 2015. NASA's MRO has provided new data, proving the existence o
Typhoon "Dujuan", known as Jenny in the Philippines, made landfall in Taiwan, on September 28, 2015, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) reported. The system slammed into the island with wind speeds over 200 km/h (124 mph) thus falling into a violent typhoon cat
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have conducted an experiment confirming that quantum communication over long distances is possible. Research team has successfully "teleported" quantum information carried in light particl
An impulsive solar flare measuring M3.6 at its peak time erupted at 03:55 UTC on September 28, 2015 from Active Region 2423 located near the west limb. The event started at 03:45 and ended at 03:59 UTC. Impulsive solar flares usually don't produce Coronal Mass Eject