Arctic & Antarctic

"We are sniffing methane" - vast methane plumes discovered escaping from the seafloor of Arctic ocean

Just a week into the methane sampling program and SWERUS-C3 Arctic expedition scientists have discovered vast methane plumes escaping from the seafloor of the Laptev continental slope. These early glimpses of what may be in store for a warming Arctic Ocean could he

August 01, 2014

Coldest June since measurements began in Adélie Land, Antarctica

Meteo-France is reporting an unusually cold month of June at their station base Dumont d'Urville located in Adélie Land (Terre Adélie), Antarctica. They recorded an average temperature of -22.4° C throughout June, which is 6.6&d

July 14, 2014

Today’s Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast, and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st-century Florida heat, according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures.The findings, published the week of A

April 22, 2014

Volcanoes helped species survive ice ages

An international team of researchers has found evidence that the steam and heat from volcanoes and heated rocks allowed many species of plants and animals to survive past ice ages, helping scientists understand how species respond to climate change. The research

March 11, 2014

Increase in Arctic cyclones linked to climate change, new study shows

Winter in the Arctic is not only cold and dark, it is also storm season when hurricane-like cyclones traverse the northern waters from Iceland to Alaska. These cyclones are characterized by strong localized drops in sea level pressure, and as Arctic-wide decreases in

February 19, 2014

Giant trench discovered under Antarctic ice

UK scientists have discovered a giant trench under the ice in West Antarctica. The Ellsworth Trough trench is up to three kilometers deep and more than 300 kilometers long and up to 25 kilometers across (deeper than the Grand Canyon). The floor of this

January 18, 2014

Arctic cyclones more common than previously thought

Weather data at the Ohio Supercomputer Center reveals in a new study hundreds of smaller storms that had previously escaped detection. From 2000 to 2010, about 1 900 cyclones churned across the top of the world each year, leaving warm water and air in their

January 17, 2014

Three-year observation of West Antarctic ice sheet loss by CryoSat

Three years of measurements by ESA's "CryoSat" satellite show that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is estimated to be losing over 150 cubic kilometers of ice each year which is considerably more than when last surveyed. CryoSat observes Earth

December 12, 2013

Two massive lakes discovered underneath the Greenland Ice Sheet

According to recently published study, two massive subglacial lakes have been discovered 800 meters beneath surface of the melting Greenland Ice Sheet. Lakes discovered by researchers from the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) at the University of

November 30, 2013

New volcano discovered smoldering under a thick ice of West Antarctica

During a project to reconstruct Antarctica’s climate history, scientists from Washington University in St. Louis discovered that a new volcano is smoldering under a 1.2 - 2 km thick ice. They say its heat may increase the rate of ice

November 18, 2013

Major iceberg cracks off Pine Island Glacier, Antarctic

Between November 9 – 11, 2013, a large iceberg separated from the calving front of Pine Island Glacier in Antarctic. New satellite images now show that Iceberg B-31, estimated to be 35 by 20 km, is moving away from the

November 18, 2013

Huge iceberg breaks away from the Pine Island glacier in the Antarctic

A huge area of the ice shelf measuring 720 square kilometers broke away on July 8, 2013, from the Pine Island glacier, the longest and fastest flowing glacier in the Antarctic. It is now floating in the Amundsen Sea in the form of a very large

July 10, 2013

Life under 4 km of ice - Over 3,500 life forms found in water samples from Lake Vostok, Antarctic

A team of scientists led by professor of biological sciences at Bowling Green State University, Scott O. Rogers, did a genetic study on the contents of half a liter of water obtained from the Lake Vostok, an underground Antarctic water

July 08, 2013

Largest flood recorded beneath Antarctica mapped by CryoSat

ESA’s CryoSat satellite has found a vast crater in Antarctica’s icy surface for which scientists believe was left behind when a lake lying under about 3 km of ice suddenly drained. The study, published recently in Geophysical Research Letters,

July 02, 2013

What lies beneath the Antarctic ice sheet

NASA has released a new product called Bedmap2 with clear picture of Antarctica from the ice surface down to the bedrock below. Up until now, researchers used 10 years old collection of Antarctic data. The product was a result of work led by the British

June 05, 2013

Arctic amplification

Since the mid-20th Century, average global temperatures have warmed about 0.6°C (1.1°F), however, warming has not occurred equally everywhere. Temperatures have increased about twice as fast in the Arctic as in the mid-latitudes, a phenomenon known as

May 26, 2013

WMO dubbed last year as disturbing sign of climate change

The World Meteorological Organisation revealed in Statement on the Status of the Global Climate, that during the August to September 2012 melting season, the Arctic’s sea ice cover was just 3.4 million square kilometres (1.32 million square miles). That

May 04, 2013

Operation IceBridge: Flying low over Southeast Greenland

A view from cockpit camera installed on NASA's P-3B airborne laboratory and operated by the National Suborbital Education and Research Center (NSERC) shows southeast Greenland from 500 meters above, recorded during Operation IceBridge's flyover on April 9,

April 13, 2013

IceBridge: Keeping a close eye on Jakobshavn glacier

Jakobshavn Glacier, one of the fastest moving glaciers in Greenland, has been the focus of IceBridge survey flights for five consecutive years. Here, images from an IceBridge mission on April 4, 2013 and video footage from the 2012 Arctic campaign show this rapidly

April 06, 2013

Sea Ice Max 2013: An interesting year for Arctic sea ice

NASA Goddard Visualisation Studio released video about state of Arctic sea ice during first three months of 2013. After a record melt season, an Arctic cyclone, and a fascinating fracturing event, Arctic sea ice has reached its maximum extent for the year. According to

April 05, 2013

Beginning of Arctic sea ice melting season

The average extent of sea ice in the Arctic has begun shrinking and will probably reach its minimum extent sometime in mid-September. Arctic sea ice reached this year's maximum extent on March 15 at 15.13 million square kilometers (5.84 million square

March 28, 2013

Arctic ice breaks up in Beaufort Sea

A series of intense storms in the Arctic has caused fracturing of the sea ice around the Beaufort Sea along the northern coasts of Alaska and Canada. High-resolution imagery from the Suomi NPP satellite shows the evolution of the cracks forming in the ice, called

March 23, 2013

Bedmap2 - detailed view of Antarctica’s landmass

Scientists at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) have released the most detailed map yet of Antarctica’s landmass that allows scientists to better analyse the bed below the Antarctic ice sheet. Bedmap2 reveals a landscape of mountain ranges and plains

March 21, 2013

NSDIC: Arctic & Antarctic Sea Ice Extent, 1979-2012 animated maps

In October 2012, National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) released an animated map of 2012 Arctic and Antarctic sea ice extent shown side-by-side with 1979 - 2009 climatology.    For more information and visualizations of thinning sea ice, see the

March 16, 2013

Large fractures observed in the Arctic sea ice

Large fractures in the sea ice were observed off the north coast of Alaska and Canada, from near Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic to Barrow in Alaska, during the end of February and continuing into early March.According to the National Snow and Ice Data

March 15, 2013

An accelerating greening rate in the Arctic

Measurements show that temperatures have risen in the Arctic over the past three decades faster than anywhere else in the world. Plant communities in tundra and boreal ecosystems in the far north experienced major changes due the longer growing season. Satellite

March 14, 2013

Dimishing Arctic sea ice - CryoSat reveals facts about ice volumes

An international team of scientists led by University College London provided insight into decline of Arctic sea ice volume and generated estimates of the sea-ice volume for the 2010–11 and 2011–12 winters over the Arctic basin using data from ESA’s CryoSat

February 13, 2013

Daily satellite data about the condition of the Greenland ice sheet

The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) launched a new website called Greenland Ice Sheet Today which provides daily satellite data about the condition of the Greenland ice sheet. The website also provides analysis, when possible, and will serve not only

February 10, 2013

"CHASING ICE" captures largest glacier calving ever filmed

In  this case a mass movement of ice, not rock and soil, on the Ilulissat Glacier in Western Greenland, a part of the film Chasing Ice. It is genuinely astonishing – the volume of the collapse is apparently 7.4 cubic kilometres.On May 28, 2008, Adam LeWinter and

February 08, 2013

Ozone thinning has influenced ocean circulation

The hole in the Antarctic ozone layer has caused changes in the way that waters in those southern oceans mix, which has the potential to alter the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and eventually could have an impact on global climate change, according to earth scientist

February 05, 2013

How thick is the crust beneath Antarctica?

A giant ice cap up to 3,800 meters (2,36 miles ) thick covers about 99 % of the Antarctic continent, and under the layer of frozen water lays continental crust. Researchers  analyzed seismic data from the South pole to create a new most detailed map showing the

January 29, 2013

January 2013 arctic outbreak in North America

At the start of 2013, temperature change occurred high in the atmosphere over the Arctic Circle, which caused an arctic outbreak in North America during the middle of January. In some places the air just north of the Great Lakes was colder than that over the North

January 25, 2013

Scientists successfully drilled through 763m of ice to reach bedrock in Antarctic

Scientists have successfully drilled through 763 metres of ice to reach bedrock of Roosevelt Island in the Ross Sea at Antarctic. The drill cores will provide the most detailed record of the climate history of the Ross Sea region for the last 30,000 years, when

January 09, 2013

Alaska experiencing a widespread cooling pattern for at least a decade

Alaska has been experiencing a widespread cooling pattern for at least a decade. In the first decade since 2000, the state has cooled an average of -16.4°C (2.4 degrees Fahrenheit). Parts of Western Alaska saw temperatures drop a significant 4.5

January 05, 2013

Proba-1 images remote Concordia south polar base - one of the remotest places on Earth

Concordia research base is probably the loneliest place on Earth. Situated in the heart of Antarctica, it is one of the few permanently crewed habitats in Antarctica. Located 3233 m above sea level in the high interior, its nearest neighbour is Russia’s Vostok base,

December 12, 2012