Dust storms affecting ocean phytoplankton

MIT study finds that the short residence of iron in surface waters makes phytoplankton very sensitive to any changes in the level of desert dust in the ocean. Desert dust is one of the only sources of ocean iron. Each spring, dust storms in the deserts of Mongolia and n

August 31, 2015

How effective is rain in cleaning the atmosphere

Atmospheric chemists at MIT claims to have obtained the most accurate estimates of rates of coagulation between rain droplets and aerosol particles that in turn could be used to determine the extent to which natural rain may contribute to keeping the atmosphere

August 30, 2015

A new discovery: The innermost electrons of the metal osmium interacted with each other under extremely high pressure

An international team of scientists has observed a previously unknown phenomena: in the conditions of extremely high pressure even the innermost electrons in the atomic nuclei of the metal osmium have interacted with each other.It has been long known that the propertied

August 28, 2015

Extraordrinary mineral diversity on Earth unique in cosmos

A new research, led by Robert Hazen of the Carnegie Science showed that there are over 1 500 minerals left undiscovered on the planet Earth. This implies our planet is unique in cosmos in terms of mineral diversity, Carnegie Science reported on August 26, 2015.Minerals

August 28, 2015

Tsunami waves in the Mediterranean Sea: Computer simulation to help identify high risk areas

European scientists have simulated the impact of earthquake generated tsunamis across the Eastern Mediterranean area. The research showed how the tsunami waves could hit and flood coastal regions of southern Italy and Greece, which could help to identify the high risk a

August 27, 2015

A small fusion power plant to supply electricity to 100 000 people in the next ten years

The scientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology have proposed a new design for a practical, efficient fusion reactor, aided by the advancement of superconducting technology. It seems the era of practical fusion power could be arising sooner than previously tho

August 22, 2015

High-energy cosmic neutrinos observed at the geographic South Pole

An team of international experts has announced a new observation of high-energy neutrino particles using an instrument funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The particles from beyond our galaxy have been detected at the geographic South Pole, using a massive

August 22, 2015

New research reveals: Matter and antimatter, mirror images of each other

Researchers from BASE collaboration at CERN, led by RIKEN, have conducted the most precise measurement, so far, of the charge-to-mass ratio of protons and their antimatter counterparts, antiprotons. Their work was carried out using CERN's Antiproton Decelerator, and

August 21, 2015

Meteorite impacts can create life's building blocks, new research shows

A new research conducted by the researchers from Tohoku University, National Institute for Materials Science and Hiroshima University showed that meteorite impacts on ancient ocenas may have created nucleobases and amino acids, which indicates there might have been anot

August 19, 2015

A strong link discovered between high wildfire risks in Amazon and devastating hurricanes across the North Atlantic coast

A strong link between the high risk of a wildfire in the Amazon basin and the devastating hurricanes of the North Atlantic shorelines has been uncovered by the research team from the University of California, Irvine (UCI) and NASA, UCI reported on August 18, 2015.The te

August 19, 2015

Equatorial regions prone to disruptive space weather, not just high latitudes

A new study led by Boston College scientists finds that smaller scale space weather events are amplified near the equator, putting power grids at risk in regions previously considered safe.According to Brett A. Carter, lead author of the new study published in in

August 19, 2015

Natural uranium levels by far exceed proposed limits in two major US aquifers

The study conducted by University of Nebrasca - Lincoln (UNL) researchers discovered that almost 2 million people across the Great Plains and California live above aquifer sites contaminated with natural uranium.UNL researchers Karrie Weber and Jason Nolan analysed data

August 18, 2015

LADEE spacecraft confirms Moon's exosphere contains neon

Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) spacecraft for the first time confirmed the long-speculated assumption, the Moon's atmosphere might contain neon, a gas known for it's intense glow, and commonly used in electric signs on Earth, NASA reporte

August 18, 2015

A new computer simulation suggest our early Solar System was inhabited by a fifth giant planet

A new research, published on August 10, 2015, suggests a cluster of icy bodies located in the same areas as Pluto, might prove our early Solar System was inhabited by a fifth giant planet. During Neptune's migration, 4 billion years ago, the ice giant might have jum

August 16, 2015

Scientists create the world's first digital map of the seafloor's geology

The composition of the seabed, which covers 70% of the Earth's surface, has been mapped for the first time after 40 years. The research team from the University of Sydney's School of Geosciences has created the world's first digital map of the seabed's g

August 14, 2015

Gemini discovers a young, Jupiter-like planet

Astronomers have imaged a new world of a young Jupiter in unprecedented details, using the Gemini Observatory's new Planet Imager (GPI). They discovered the planet's mass is about twice the Jupiter's, and it seems the planet is the most Solar System-like pla

August 14, 2015

UNH scientists provide new tools for predicting arrival and impact of solar storms

When the Sun hurls a billion tons of high-energy particles and magnetic fields into space at speeds of more than a million miles per hour and the “space weather” conditions are right, the resulting geomagnetic storm at Earth can wreak havoc on communication

August 13, 2015

Underwater volcanic vents preview future ocean habitats

An underwater study of fish in their natural environment, first of its kind, by University of Adelaide marine ecologists, shows how anticipated ocean acidification may devastate temperate marine habitats and biodiversity.Oceans have already absorbed a large volume of

August 12, 2015

Biodiversity research in Hawai'i shows the Earth is facing it's 'sixth mass extinction'

The extinction crisis in Hawai'i, which has even been labeled as the "extinction capital of the world" has been the research focus of the international team of scientists from the Pacific Biosciences Research Center (PBRC) of the University of Hawai'i

August 12, 2015

The largest structure of the observable universe found - a ring of galaxies five million light years across

A Hungarian-US team of astronomers have found what may be the largest structure in the observable universe, a circular ring of nine gamma ray bursts and hence nine galaxies that stretches five billion light years across.Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous

August 10, 2015

Scientists shed a new light on the Gorkha 2015 earthquake: the methods used in predicting the shaking and resulting damage could be used for earthquakes elsewhere

Caltech team, in collaboration with the Department of Mines and Geology of Nepal studied the Himalayas mountain for over 20 years, to learn about mountain-building and earthquake triggering processes. For the purpose of monitoring the rhythm of Earth's crust, the re

August 09, 2015

Ancient flood volcanoes might have influenced climate to a great extent

Lori Glaze of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland and her team developed a computer model to calculate whether the plume of ash and gas above a large fire-fountain volcano could have reached stratosphere to alter the climate and the result was

August 08, 2015

Lightning reshapes rocks at the atomic level

At a rock outcropping in southern France, a jagged fracture runs along the granite. The surface in and around the crevice is discolored black, as if wet or covered in algae. But, according to a new paper coauthored by the University of Pennsylvania’s Reto

August 06, 2015

Looking five million years into the past to predict Australia’s climate future

A group of leading international scientists are preparing to set sail on a two-month ocean expedition up the coast of Western Australia to drill deep into the seabed, on a mission to gain valuable insight into our climate future.The $20 million International Ocean

July 31, 2015

Super dusty comet releases mystery clumps

Images acquired by SECCHI/HI-1 telescope aboard the solar-observing STEREO-B spacecraft have revealed strange streaming clumps from unusually dusty Comet C/2011 L4 (Pan-STARRS). This discovery could hold secrets to how comets create their beautiful, sweeping, striated t

July 30, 2015

Abrupt climate change - an important factor in shaping early human societies

An international research team led by the scientists from the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science has discovered that some of the earliest human civilizations in the Middle East and the Fertile Crescent were probably affected by

July 29, 2015

A joint occurrence of storm surges and heavy rainfall increases the risk of flooding along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts

A new research on the increasing risk of 'compound flooding' for major US cities was conducted by the scientists at the University of South Florida's College of Marine Science. Analysis of numerous datasets shows that US cities situated along the Atlantic an

July 28, 2015

New source of lead in drinking water identified: Galvanized steel pipe coatings

When unsafe levels of lead are found in drinking water, the culprit has typically been lead pipes or lead-containing brass and bronze fittings, but in a new study researchers clearly show that lead present in the zinc coating of galvanized steel pipes can be a very sign

July 23, 2015

Northern China facing soil drying issues: Increased farming activities a leading cause

Newly published research, investigating the relationship between increased food production and soil drying issues in northern China, suggest the increase in agricultural activities may be responsible for the strong decreasing trends of soil moisture. The research sugges

July 23, 2015

Continued destruction of Earth’s plant life places humankind in jeopardy

If humans continue destroying plants at the current pace, the lack of irreplaceable biomass may soon endanger present human civilization and make it unsustainable - according to a paper published recently by University of Georgia researchers in the Proceedings of the Na

July 17, 2015

Mystery of equatorial noise solved

A team from MIT, the University of California at Los Angeles, the University of Sheffield, and elsewhere has detected a remarkably orderly pattern amid the "equatorial noise." The discovery may help scientists to more accurately model the space environment an

July 16, 2015

Helium leaking from the Earth's mantle in the Los Angeles Basin: The Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone much deeper than previously thought

Professor Jim Boles of the University of California, Santa Barbara's Department of Earth Science, and his team, have found proof of helium leakage from the Earth's mantle along the Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone in the Los Angeles Basin. Discovery indicates the cu

July 14, 2015

Researchers find surprisingly high geothermal heating beneath West Antarctic Ice Sheet

According to a new study led by researchers at the University of California (US), Sanza Cruz have found that the amount of heat flowing toward the base of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet from geothermal sources deep within the Earth is surprisingly high.The results of the

July 13, 2015

Humanity rapidly depleting one third of Earth's largest aquifers

In two new studies led by the University of California, Irvine (UCI), scientists mapped 37 of the world's largest underground basins using NASA's Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites and concludes that humanity is rapidly depleting one

July 12, 2015

New research links 2 000 years of data recorded in stalagmites to tropical storms, floods and El Niño events

Research team led by Rhawn Denniston, professor of geology at Cornell College, has applied a new research technique on the stalagmites in the Australian topics to create a 2 200 year long record of flood events. The new research might help to predict future climate chan

July 12, 2015