Research

Super dusty comet releases mystery clumps

Images acquired by SECCHI/HI-1 telescope aboard the solar-observing STEREO-B spacecraft have revealed strange streaming clumps from unusually dusty Comet C/2011 L4 (Pan-STARRS). This discovery could hold secrets to how comets create their beautiful, sweeping, striated t

July 30, 2015

Abrupt climate change - an important factor in shaping early human societies

An international research team led by the scientists from the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science has discovered that some of the earliest human civilizations in the Middle East and the Fertile Crescent were probably affected by

July 29, 2015

A joint occurrence of storm surges and heavy rainfall increases the risk of flooding along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts

A new research on the increasing risk of 'compound flooding' for major US cities was conducted by the scientists at the University of South Florida's College of Marine Science. Analysis of numerous datasets shows that US cities situated along the Atlantic an

July 28, 2015

New source of lead in drinking water identified: Galvanized steel pipe coatings

When unsafe levels of lead are found in drinking water, the culprit has typically been lead pipes or lead-containing brass and bronze fittings, but in a new study researchers clearly show that lead present in the zinc coating of galvanized steel pipes can be a very sign

July 23, 2015

Northern China facing soil drying issues: Increased farming activities a leading cause

Newly published research, investigating the relationship between increased food production and soil drying issues in northern China, suggest the increase in agricultural activities may be responsible for the strong decreasing trends of soil moisture. The research sugges

July 23, 2015

Continued destruction of Earth’s plant life places humankind in jeopardy

If humans continue destroying plants at the current pace, the lack of irreplaceable biomass may soon endanger present human civilization and make it unsustainable - according to a paper published recently by University of Georgia researchers in the Proceedings of the Na

July 17, 2015

Mystery of equatorial noise solved

A team from MIT, the University of California at Los Angeles, the University of Sheffield, and elsewhere has detected a remarkably orderly pattern amid the "equatorial noise." The discovery may help scientists to more accurately model the space environment an

July 16, 2015

Helium leaking from the Earth's mantle in the Los Angeles Basin: The Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone much deeper than previously thought

Professor Jim Boles of the University of California, Santa Barbara's Department of Earth Science, and his team, have found proof of helium leakage from the Earth's mantle along the Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone in the Los Angeles Basin. Discovery indicates the cu

July 14, 2015

Researchers find surprisingly high geothermal heating beneath West Antarctic Ice Sheet

According to a new study led by researchers at the University of California (US), Sanza Cruz have found that the amount of heat flowing toward the base of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet from geothermal sources deep within the Earth is surprisingly high.The results of the

July 13, 2015

Humanity rapidly depleting one third of Earth's largest aquifers

In two new studies led by the University of California, Irvine (UCI), scientists mapped 37 of the world's largest underground basins using NASA's Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites and concludes that humanity is rapidly depleting one

July 12, 2015

New research links 2 000 years of data recorded in stalagmites to tropical storms, floods and El Niño events

Research team led by Rhawn Denniston, professor of geology at Cornell College, has applied a new research technique on the stalagmites in the Australian topics to create a 2 200 year long record of flood events. The new research might help to predict future climate chan

July 12, 2015

Study finds 70% decrease in the seabird population since 1950s

Compiling a global database of seabird population size records from English language literature, researchers at the University of British Columbia monitored 513 seabird populations (of total 3 213) and concluded that the monitored seabird populations of our world have d

July 11, 2015

Solar activity to fall by 60% during the 2030s to conditions last seen during the 17th century ‘mini ice age’

A new model of the Sun’s solar cycle is producing unprecedentedly accurate predictions of irregularities within the Sun’s 11-year heartbeat. Predictions from the model suggest that solar activity will fall by 60% during the 2030s to conditions last seen

July 11, 2015

Does the solar magnetic field show a North-South divide?

A study of jets travelling through the Sun’s corona at speeds between 200-500 km/s has shown that the fast-moving columns of plasma are deflected much more strongly by the Sun’s magnetic field in the northern hemisphere than in the southern hemisphere. A nor

July 09, 2015

A five star, doubly-eclipsing star system discovered

Astronomers at the Open University have discovered the first quintuple star system containing two eclipsing binary stars. While scientists think that about a third of stars are found in pairs or multiple systems, to find five stars connected to each other is very rare.T

July 08, 2015

Neptune’s badly behaved magnetic field modelled in detail

A team of scientists at the Imperial College London have combined 26-year old data with supercomputer simulations and for the first time modelled Neptune's magnetic field in detail. The researchers find that the furthest planet from the Sun has a badly behaved

July 08, 2015

Species endangered by agricultural landscapes

According to a research led by the University of Exeter, in which bird populations across cultivated mango orchards and natural habitats in the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere region in South Africa was monitored, replacing a natural habitat with a agricultural landscape ca

July 08, 2015

Whistler waves created by volcanic lightning may help elucidate the Earth's plasmashpere

Volcanic lightning creates whistlers, very low frequency electromagnetic waves, that propagate into the magnetosphere. In the July 2015 issue of Physics World magazine, science writer Ian Randall investigates how researchers are trying to use studies on these whistlers

July 07, 2015

Mankind’s unprecedented transformation of Earth: Human evolution defines a new geological epoch

A new study, conducted by the University of Leicester's Department of Geology, suggests human beings are living and defining a whole new geological period of time, the so-called Anthropocene Epoch.The changes in our environment, global warming, ocean acidification,

July 02, 2015

Venus - volcanically active Solar System body?

Scientists working for the ESA's Venus Express mission have recently presented the best evidence yet for existence of active volcanoes on planet Venus. Previous radar missions have revealed Venus to be covered in volcanoes and lava flows and it is long assumed that

July 01, 2015

UK Met Office: The return of 'grand solar minimum' could affect European and eastern US winters, but wouldn't halt global warming

A return to low solar activity not seen for centuries could increase the chances of cold winters in Europe and eastern parts of the United States but wouldn't halt global warming, according to new research led by UK's Met office and published recently in Nature

June 26, 2015

Earth's magnetic complexity begins to untangle - Swarm mission

After a year in orbit, the three Swarm satellites have provided a first glimpse inside Earth and started to shed new light on the dynamics of the upper atmosphere – all the way from the ionosphere about 100 km above, through to the outer reaches of our protective

June 22, 2015

Stalagmites preserve 3 000 years of northern hemisphere climate

If you have ever visited a cave and taken photos, you might have noticed that the colours in the photographs appear more vivid than when you were in the cave. This is because organic matter trapped in the stalagmites and stalactites fluoresces.The light emitted by your

June 19, 2015

US mid-continent seismicity linked to high-rate injection wells

A dramatic increase in the rate of earthquakes in the central and eastern US since 2009 is associated with fluid injection wells used in oil and gas development, says a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder and the USGS.The number of earthquakes associated wit

June 19, 2015

Deepest known high-temperature hydrothermal vents in Pacific Ocean

Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) researchers have discovered a large, previously unknown field of hydrothermal vents in the Gulf of California, about 150 km (100 miles) east of La Paz, Mexico. Discovered in the spring of 2015 and lying more than 3 800 me

June 09, 2015

Tectonic model shows North America may once have been linked to Australia or Antarctica

According to the new USGS research published recently in Lithosphere, North America may have once been attached to Australia.Approximately every 300 million years, the Earth completes a supercontinent cycle wherein continents drift toward one another and collide, remain

June 08, 2015

Rare glimpse: satellites catch the birth of two volcanic islands

The birth of a volcanic island is a potent and beautiful reminder of our dynamic planet’s ability to make new land. Given the destruction we’ve seen following natural events like earthquakes and tsunamis in the past few years, stunning images of two islands

May 28, 2015

Clouds in 3D: Innovation makes stereophotogrammetry a common thing

Berkeley Lab scientists David Romps and Rusen Oktem made advancements in stereophotogrammetry, a technique which uses photos to make 3D measurements of cloud boundaries, transforming it from labor-intensive process to a tool that can now be used on a regular basis. Impr

May 28, 2015

‘Dead zones’ found in Atlantic open waters

A team of German and Canadian researchers have discovered areas with extremely low levels of oxygen in the tropical North Atlantic, several hundred kilometres off the coast of West Africa. The levels measured in these ‘dead zones’, inhabitable for most

May 15, 2015

New trigger for volcanic eruptions discovered using jelly and lasers

Scientists have made an important step towards understanding how volcanic eruptions happen, after identifying a previously unrecognised potential trigger.An international team of researchers from the University of Liverpool, Monash University and the University of

May 14, 2015

Study shows Antarctic ice shelf is thinning from above and below

A decade-long scientific debate about what’s causing the thinning of one of Antarctica’s largest ice shelves has now been settled, European Geosciences Union (EGU) reports. The Larsen C Ice Shelf – whose neighbours Larsen A and B collapsed in 1995 and

May 14, 2015

What are the chances of another Hurricane "Katrina"?

The US hasn’t experienced the landfall of a Category 3 hurricane or larger since 2005, when Dennis, Katrina, Rita and Wilma all hit the US coast. According to a new NASA study, a string of nine years without a major hurricane landfall in the US is Iikely to come a

May 14, 2015

Two Large Hadron Collider experiments first to observe rare subatomic process

Two experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, have combined their results and observed a previously unseen subatomic process.As published in the journal Nature this week, a joint analysis by

May 14, 2015

SurgeWatch: UK launches new national database of coastal flooding

Researchers led by the University of Southampton have compiled a new database of coastal flooding in the UK over the last 100 years, which they hope will provide crucial information to help prevent future flooding events.The new database is available as web application

May 12, 2015

Western Australia isn't as tectonically stable as previously thought

An analysis of Western Australia's coastline suggest its landscape isn't as tectonically stable as previously thought. University of Western Australia geohazards researcher Beau Whitney says tectonic movement in Australia is generally assumed to be so low that

May 04, 2015