Research

Hydraulic fracturing linked to 400 earthquakes in Ohio, study

Hydraulic fracturing triggered a series of small earthquakes in 2013 on a previously unmapped fault in Harrison County, Ohio, according to a study published in the journal Seismological Research Letters (SRL) on October 14, 2014. Nearly 400 small earthquakes occurred be

October 16, 2014

Icebergs drifted to Florida during last ice age

Using a first-of-its-kind, high-resolution numerical model to describe ocean circulation during the last ice age about 21 000 years ago, oceanographer Alan Condron of the University of Massachusetts Amherst has shown that icebergs and meltwater from the North American i

October 15, 2014

Drones and robots to monitor active volcanoes

A professor at Tohoku University in Japan, Keiji Nagatani, has spent last 10 years developing robotic systems specifically designed to operate in harsh conditions near active volcanoes. Nagatani's aim is to design robots which can go where humans can't and effec

October 15, 2014

Earth’s magnetic field can flip in less than 100 years, new study

It is known that Earth’s magnetic field has flipped many times throughout the planet’s history. Its dipole magnetic field remains about the same intensity for thousands to millions of years, but for incompletely known reasons it occasionally weakens (such is

October 15, 2014

LRO finds young volcanic deposits on the Moon

NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) found scores of young volcanic deposits estimated to be less than 100 million years old and provided researchers with strong evidence the Moon's volcanic activity slowed gradually instead of stopping abruptly a billion

October 14, 2014

Results of world's largest Near Death Experiences study published

Recollections in relation to death, so-called out-of-body experiences (OBEs) or near-death experiences (NDEs), are an often spoken about phenomenon which have frequently been considered hallucinatory or illusory in nature; however, objective studies on these experiences

October 10, 2014

NuSTAR discovers first ultraluminous pulsar, impossibly bright dead star

Astronomers working with NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) have found a pulsating dead star beaming with the energy of about 10 million suns. The object, previously thought to be a black hole because it is so powerful, is in fact a pulsar - the

October 10, 2014

New study revealed AIDS pandemic origin was in Kinshasa in 1920s

An international team, led by Oxford University and University of Leuven scientists has reconstructed the genetic history of the HIV-1 group M pandemic and concluded that it originated in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.The team'ss analysis suggests that the

October 09, 2014

New active fault found in Wellington Harbour, New Zealand

NIWA scientists have found a new active fault in Wellington Harbour after analysing data from a recent marine survey. The fault, referred to informally as the Aotea Fault, runs in a northeasterly direction for about 2km in Lambton Harbour, petering out about 1 km east

October 08, 2014

Study suggests current changes in the ocean around Antarctica could trigger steep rise in sea levels

A new study suggests that current conditions in the ocean around Antarctica​ could led to the rapid melting of Antarctic ice and an abrupt 3-4 meter rise in global sea level. Warming in parts of Antarctica is causing land-based ice to melt, adding massive amounts of

October 06, 2014

New seafloor map exposes thousands of previously unchartered ‘seamounts’, ridges and deep ocean structures

Two previously untapped streams of satellite data from ESA's CryoSat mission were used by Scripps Institution of Oceanography scientists at UC San Diego and their colleagues to create the new gravity map of the world's seaflor, exposing thousands of previously u

October 06, 2014

Liquid phase 3D printing method introduced by Chinese researchers

Scientists at the Beijing Key Laboratory of CryoBiomedical Engineering, part of the Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have developed a new conceptual liquid-phase 3D printing method with "ink" consisting of a meta

October 03, 2014

Observing temperature variability across the world

Daily and nightly differences in temperatures worldwide are fast approaching yearly differences between summer and winter temperatures, according to the new study published in Nature Climate Change.George Wang (Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biol

October 01, 2014

Prehistoric volcanic eruption leaves intercontinental footprint

A new study led by University of Alberta researchers has shown that a volcanic eruption 1 200 years ago scattered ash from Alaska to Europe - a discovery that will help researchers understand how future eruptions could affect the world.Britta Jensen and Duane Froese in

September 30, 2014

Monster black hole lurking inside one of the tiniest galaxies ever known

A supermassive blackhole has been found inside the tiniest galaxy ever found, the M60-UCD1, located about 54 million light years away from Earth. Researchers used NASA’s Hubble and the Gemini North 8-meter optical and infrared telescope on Hawaii to observe and

September 26, 2014

An anomaly in satellites' flybys baffles scientists

Scientists have found anomalies in the speed of space probes such as Rosetta and Cassini, as they fly over certain planets, something they haven't been able to explain. Noticed for the first time during a careful inspection of DSN Doppler data shortly after the Eart

September 26, 2014

Groundwater chemistry as a precursor for earthquakes: The Iceland experience

Even during ancient times, our predecessors have used numerous precursor signals for upcoming natural disasters. Groundwater chemistry is one of them and according to latest scientific researches it has been observed to change before earthquakes. Alasdair Skelton from

September 25, 2014

Finding hints of gravitational waves in the stars

New model describes overlooked prediction of Einstein's theory of relativity, demonstrates that stars can absorb gravitational ripples.Scientists have shown how gravitational waves - invisible ripples in the fabric of space and time that propagate through the univer

September 23, 2014

Massive galaxies grow by eating their smaller neighbors

Australian astronomers have found out that massive galaxies in the Universe have stopped making their own stars and are instead snacking on nearby galaxies. They looked at more than 22 000 galaxies and found that while smaller galaxies were very efficient at creating st

September 21, 2014

Mysterious volcanic eruption given light

One of the biggest unknown volcanic eruptions" in the last 500 years has been given new light through the collaboration of Bristol University colleagues from the School of Earth Sciences, PhD student Alvaro Guevara-Murua, and Dr. Caroline Williams, from the Departm

September 20, 2014

British weather set to become more unsettled

British winters are becoming increasingly volatile due to extreme variations in pressure over the North Atlantic according to scientists from the University of Sheffield.The new research, published on September 9, 2014, in the International Journal of Climatology,

September 10, 2014

Scientists discover hazardous waste-eating bacteria

Tiny single-cell organisms discovered living underground could help with the problem of nuclear waste disposal, say researchers involved in a study at The University of Manchester.Although bacteria with waste-eating properties have been discovered in relatively pristine

September 09, 2014

How many lakes are there in the whole world?

Finland is called ‘the land of a thousand lakes’. On registration plates in Minnesota it says ‘10,000 lakes!’, and in Sweden there are about 100,000 lakes. But how many lakes are there in the whole world? New research from Uppsala University give

September 07, 2014

Kongpop U-yen, PhD: Evidence of space weather induced natural disasters - EU2014

Strong solar activities have long been known to cause damages to electrical grids and global communication systems. However, there exist evidence that solar activities have strong correlation with abrupt weather conditions and tectonic activities, including storm format

August 31, 2014

Sailing stones of Death Valley mystery solved

Sailing stones, also called sliding rocks and moving rocks, refer to a geological phenomenon where rocks move and inscribe long tracks along a smooth valley floor without human or animal intervention. The engraved trails of rocks on the nearly flat,

August 29, 2014

Breakthrough in light sources for new quantum technology

Electronic circuits are based on electrons, but one of the most promising technologies for future quantum circuits are photonic circuits, i.e. circuits based on light (photons) instead of electrons. First, it is necessary to be able to create a stream of single photons

August 29, 2014

Unexpectedly large amount of ozone-depleting compound present in Earth's atmosphere

New NASA research shows that Earth's atmosphere contains an unexpectedly large amount of an ozone-depleting compound - Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) -  from an unknown source decades after the compound was banned worldwide.Carbon tetrachloride was regulated

August 22, 2014

Sunlight key to CO2 in Arctic, not microbes

A new study by scientists from Oregon State University, published this week in journal Science, concludes that sunlight and not bacteria is the key to triggering the production of CO2 from material released by Arctic soils. The finding is particularly importan

August 22, 2014

A shocking study - regional climate influenced by the Sun

A new study from Lund University in Sweden has, for the first time, reconstructed solar activity during the last ice age and showed that the regional climate is influenced by the Sun.For the first time, a research team has been able to reconstruct the solar activit

August 21, 2014

Minor variations in the ice sheet size sufficient to trigger abrupt climate changes

Over the past one hundred thousand years cold temperatures largely prevailed over the planet in what is known as the last ice age. However, the cold period was repeatedly interrupted by much warmer climate conditions. Scientists have long attempted to find out why these

August 21, 2014

Stardust's payload holds first potential interstellar space particles

A team of scientists has been combing through the payload of NASA's Stardust spacecraft since it returned to Earth in 2006. They found seven rare, microscopic interstellar dust particles, that most likely came from outside of our solar system. If

August 14, 2014

Pharmaceuticals and other chemicals widespread in water passing through landfill waste

Pharmaceuticals, personal-care products, and other contaminants are widespread in water that has passed through landfill waste. The samples of this liquid, also known as leachate, were collected from within each of the studied landfills. This study by the U.S. Geol

August 13, 2014

Antarctic icequakes triggered by 2010 magnitude 8.8 Chile earthquake

Sections of Antarctica's frozen desert can experience hundreds of micro-quakes an hour due to ice deformation. These quakes are also called icequakes and they are a usual occurrence on Antarctica. However, after the 8.8-magnitude earthquake that hit C

August 12, 2014

Water tractor beam created

Physicists at The Australian National University (ANU) have created a tractor beam on water, providing a radical new technique that could confine oil spills, manipulate floating objects or explain rips at the beach.The group, led by Professor Michael Shats discovered th

August 11, 2014

On the frontiers of cyborg science. Step 1 - connecting the brain and electronics

Taking the human-machine concept to an unprecedented level, pioneering scientists are working on the seamless marriage between electronics and brain signaling with the potential to transform our understanding of how the brain works — and how to treat its most

August 10, 2014