Research

Giant hydrogen cloud boomeranging back to Milky Way

A large cloud of hydrogen gas is on a return collision course to the Milky Way galaxy, running towards it with a speed of almost 1 126 540 km/h (700 000 mph) and is expected to hit it in about 30 million years. The new Hubble Space Telescope observations suggest the...

February 03, 2016

Scientists venture to Antarctica to uncover origin of modern vertebrates

An international team of researchers led by paleontologists from the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, the University of Texas at Austin, Ohio University and the American Museum of Natural History are set to travel to Antarctica in search for evidence that some...

February 02, 2016

The underlying cause of the deadly 1964 Alaska tsunami revealed

The USGS scientists in collaboration with their colleagues from Boise State University and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game finally managed to unravel the cause of a massive tsunami that destroyed Valdez, Seward and Whittier towns in Alaska in 1964. A series...

February 02, 2016

Madden-Julian Oscillation: Massive thunderstorm cluster in tropical Indian and Pacific Ocean explained

A team of scientists from the University of Washington (UW) have devised a new mathematical model for the purpose of explaining and forecasting the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), a huge thunderstorm cluster originating in the waters of tropical Indian and Pacific...

January 29, 2016

Cosmic radiation intensifying as we enter another Solar Minimum

An increased activity of cosmic rays has been observed around the Arctic Circle by the neutron monitors during the last year. The same trend was also noted in an independent measurement project carried out by the Spaceweather.com and the students of Earth to Sky...

January 28, 2016

NASA’s Van Allen Probes broaden view on the shape of Van Allen Belts

NASA's Van Allen Probes enabled the scientists to gather a more precise picture of the structure of Van Allen Belts that shield our planet from the solar radiation. New research shows their shape varies depending on the energy of charged particles constituting...

January 21, 2016

Planet Nine: Caltech researchers announce evidence of a giant new Solar System planet on a highly elongated orbit

Two Caltech researchers have announced today, January 20, 2016, they have found evidence of a giant planet tracing a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The object, which the researchers have nicknamed Planet Nine, has a mass about 10 times...

January 20, 2016

2015 - the warmest year in recorded history, NASA/NOAA

Two independent analysis conducted by NASA and NOAA showed that 2015 is the warmest year since 1880 when modern temperature recording began. A previous record was held by 2014, and globally-averaged Earth's surface temperatures in 2015 are estimated higher by...

January 20, 2016

New class of atmospheric waves, producing strong temperature ripples, discovered over Antarctica

Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder discovered a new class of mesospheric waves by observing the high parts of the atmosphere over Antarctica. These waves seem to send constant ripples through the Earth's atmosphere and probably affect high-level...

January 20, 2016

Carbon emissions from Earth's interior quantified

A team of scientists, led by the researchers at the University of New Mexico (UNM), has studied carbon emissions through fault systems in the East African Rift (EAR). The goal of the research was to gain a better understanding of carbon emissions from the interior...

January 20, 2016

Evidence of a previously unknown large volcanic eruption in the Caribbean Sea

A team of scientists from the University of Southampton discovered evidence of a previously unknown large volcanic eruption in the Caribbean Sea. The eruption was dated to 2.4 million years ago and might be the largest documented volcanic event in the region since...

January 19, 2016

New research suggest reevaluation of earthquake and tsunami hazards around Pacific Rim

A new research based on the fieldwork conducted in Alaska's Aleutian Islands indicates a section of the Aleutian Subduction Zone fault could generate a large earthquake, strong enough to produce a large tsunami across the Pacific to Hawaii. New data can aid the...

January 15, 2016

Another major earthquake in Nepal can happen much sooner than anticipated

A new study conducted by an international team of scientists suggests a kink in the regional fault line below Nepal is responsible for the growth of the Himalaya mountains between earthquakes. The scientists have studied the devastating April 2015 Nepal (Gorkha)...

January 13, 2016

Recent advancements in mapping the world's oceans

The scientists at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, New York, have gathered data from hundreds of research cruises and made a significant contribution to providing easily accessible ocean floor maps to interested people across the globe. The mapping site is capable...

January 11, 2016

Temperature identified as new trigger for explosive volcanic eruptions

Studying magma ascent, geoscientists at the University of Liverpool have found that temperature may be more important than pressure in generating gas bubbles that trigger explosive volcanic eruptions. In a paper published recently in the journal Nature, researchers...

January 06, 2016

Using maths to reveal the Sun's magnetic field mysteries

An important research project, led by the UK's University of Dundee, aims to improve knowledge of Sun's complex magnetic fields using mathematics. The goal is to find out the effects of space weather caused by the Sun and its magnetic structures origins....

December 25, 2015

Ceres imaged from the lowest orbital altitude ever

NASA's Dawn spacecraft collected new detailed images of the cratered and fractured southern hemisphere surface of the dwarf planet Ceres on December 10, 2015. The spacecraft took the images while cruising in the lowest and final orbit of the small planet. Dawn...

December 23, 2015

A step closer to 3-D printed rocket engine

A team of NASA scientists has moved a step closer to building a completely 3-D printed, high-performance rocket engine. They manufactured engine parts and test fired them with oxygen and cryogenic liquid hydrogen to produce about 9 tons (20 000 pounds) of thrust....

December 23, 2015

First amateur radio in geosynchronous orbit to improve communications in disaster areas

An amateur radio transponder is being prepared to be sent into geosynchronous orbit in 2017 to help, according to Virgina Tech News. Researchers at the Ted and Karyn Hume Center for National Security and Technology say that it will allow great development in...

December 23, 2015

Giant comets pose a much greater hazard to life than asteroids

The discovery of hundreds of giant comets in the outer planetary system over the last two decades means that these objects pose a much greater hazard to life than asteroids, a team of astronomers from Armagh Observatory and the University of Buckingham report. The...

December 22, 2015

Mystery behind 'auroral breakup' unlocked

In a new study published today in the Journal of Geophysical Research, Japanese scientists claim they have solved the mystery of auroral breakups - the formation of auroral substorms and the sudden bursts of brightness. The study overthrows existing theories about...

December 21, 2015

The temperature of Earth's lower mantle varies much more than previously thought

Scientists from Australian National University (ANU) have discovered that the temperature in the lower mantle varies much more than previously thought. Lower mantle, which lies 3 000 km (1 864 miles) below the Earth's crust, has greater temperature differences...

December 18, 2015

Fracking plays active role in generating toxic metal wastewater

A new study has been conducted to investigate the toxic barium metal in fracking wastewater. Although the chemicals inserted into injected freshwater during the mixing process with highly saline brine in the rock are generally assumed to be partially responsible for...

December 16, 2015

New research reveals El Niño pattern in contradiction with top climate models

An international team of scientist has conducted a study of fossil corals and mollusk shells from the Pacific Ocean which has shown there is no link between the strength of seasonal differences and El Niño. This discovery seems to cast a shadow of doubt on...

December 16, 2015

The mystery of Sierra Nevada's age solved

A recent research found that California's iconic mountain range - Sierra Nevada - is much older than it was thought. New techniques used in research also revealed new secrets mountain range had been holding to itself. One of the biggest mysteries in the...

December 15, 2015

New research indicates different composition of Earth's mantle

Seismic observations of our planet's interior have revealed three distinct structures, marking the boundary between its metallic core and silicate mantle. The structures include remnants of subducted plates from the Earth's surface, ultralow velocity zones...

December 15, 2015

Ice age in Jurassic Period caused by a major volcanic event

An international team of researchers has found the evidence of link between the large-scale volcanic event and the large and abrupt cooling of the Earth's temperature during the Jurassic Period, the University of Exeter reported on December 11, 2015. The...

December 12, 2015

Germany one step closer to clean energy: Wendelstein 7-X fusion device now in operation

The biggest step so far toward the world's goal of providing clean, virtually limitless energy resources has been made, as the scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) in Greifswald, Germany produced the first helium plasma. The plasma was...

December 11, 2015

Volcanoes cool the planet by releasing low-level sulfur to influence cloud formation

A new study, conducted by the University of Washington (UW) researchers used a huge volcanic eruption in Iceland, from the period between summer 2014 and early winter 2015, to explore how the sulfur emissions affects cloud's brightness. The results suggest the...

December 10, 2015

Seismic maps of the Earth's mantle beneath Antarctica provide first glimpse into underlying geology

A series of robust seismometers have been deployed in Antarctica to map the geology hidden underneath the vast ice sheets. For the first time, they have been successful in recording reverberations of distant earthquakes in the period between January 2010 and 2012...

December 10, 2015

Major storms and flooding disasters not as unprecedented as commonly thought

A team of scientists from the Universities of Aberystwyth, Cambridge and Glasgow have digged through the historic flooding records to put the recent major flooding disasters in perspective. According to their analysis, events such as Storm "Desmond" are...

December 10, 2015

Two new studies offer new clues to Ceres' bright spots and origins

Two new studies reveal some of Ceres' well-kept secrets, including highly anticipated insights about mysterious bright features found all over the dwarf planet's surface. In one study, scientists identify this bright material as a kind of salt, while the...

December 09, 2015

Black hole magnetic field engines detected for the first time

Astronomers have detected magnetic fields outside the black hole horizon at the center of Milky Way for the firs time, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) announced on December 3, 2015. Magnetic fields of this type have long been considered to serve as...

December 05, 2015

How solar flares accelerate charged particles into super high speeds

Scientists have made another step toward determining how solar flares accelerate charged particles like electrons and protons to speeds of almost the order of light. The new capabilities of the National Science Foundation's Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA)...

December 03, 2015

Earth's complex life origins revealed by single event

University of Bristol researcher Patricia Sanchez-Baracaldo has identified the catalyst that allowed the evolution of complex life on Earth. Up to 800 million years ago, oceans had almost no oxygen at all, but it was the work of microorganisms, called phytoplankton,...

December 02, 2015